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PREGNANCY

PREGNANCY - EXPECTING A BUNDLE OF JOY

PREGNANCY

 Sources – B, Srilakshmi, Dietetics

PREGNANCY

NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS DURING PREGNANCY

Increase in nutritional requirements depends on the nature of metabolic changes of pregnancy and the nutrition reserves of the mother. Fine-tune your diet - even if you already eat well, now that you're a mum-to-be, you need to fine tune your eating habits to ensure that you have a balanced and healthy diet.

PREGNANCY

GENERAL DIETARY PROBLEMS

NAUSEA AND VOMITING:

PREGNANCY  Morning sickness can be improved by small and frequent meals.

PREGNANCY  Liquids may be taken between meals instead of with food.

PREGNANCY  Skim milk is better tolerated than whole milk.

PREGNANCY  Fatty rich foods, excessive seasoning, coffee in large amounts and strongly flavored vegetables may be restricted or eliminated if the nausea persists or if complaints of  heartburn or gastric distress.


CONSTIPATION:

PREGNANCY  The pressure of enlarging uterus on the lower portion of intestine, physical inactivity may make elimination difficult. Increased fluid intake and use of natural laxative foods such as whole grains, dried , vegetables rich in fiber, , and fresh juices usually induce regularity.

OEDEMA AND LEG CRAMPS:

PREGNANCY  Mild, physiologic edema is usually present in the extremities in 3rd trimester i.e. 6-9months. The swelling may be caused by pressure of enlarging uterus.

PREGNANCY  Decrease in sodium rich foods/ salt and increase in magnesium helps to relieve the leg cramps.

HEARTBURN:

PREGNANCY  Heart burn is a common complaint during the latter part of pregnancy.

PREGNANCY  This can usually be relieved by limiting the amount of food consumed at one time and drinking fluids between meals.

PREGNANCY  Sitting upright after meals for at least 2-3 hours before lying down may also help.

DIETARY GUIDELINES:

PREGNANCY  Small frequent meals should be taken.

PREGNANCY  Avoid fasting and feasting.

PREGNANCY  More fiber should be included in the diet to prevent constipation which is common during pregnancy ( and vegetables).

PREGNANCY  Diet should be rich in calcium to prevent osteomalacia. Calcium supplements may also be taken.

PREGNANCY  Iron rich foods should be taken to prevent anemia and build up iron stores in fetal body. Iron supplements are must.

PREGNANCY  Inclusion of green leafy vegetables ensures minerals like calcium and iron.

PREGNANCY  Plenty of water should be taken to keep the bowels regular.

PREGNANCY  Fatty foods, fried foods, excessive seasoning, strongly flavored vegetables to be restricted in case of nausea, gastric distress.

PREGNANCY  Fluid should be taken between meals rather than along with the meals.

PREGNANCY  Adequate amount of calories should be taken so that enough fat is deposited during pregnancy which is required for lactation.

PREGNANCY  Use pickles, rasam, sour foods to give relief from nausea.

PREGNANCY  Consume Omelet, boiled egg, and scrambled egg to give good quality proteins.

  Consume and salads as they are appetizing, provide nutrients and also high in fiber.

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PREGNANCY